From Ideas to Impact: Exploring the Role of Innovation in Knowledge Construction
M. El Kotbi & F. Z. Achour
In the knowledge economy, growth is triggered by research, but above all by the ability of an ecosystem of innovators and project developers to exploit this research by finding commercial applications for scientific and technical advances. Indeed, empirical studies by (Aydalot, 1986; Porter, 1990; Ruffieux, 1991; Darchen and Tremblay, 2008) have examined the notion of clusters as innovation networks, exploring how to build and exploit relevant ideas and transform them into knowledge that can be applied in reality. The aim of our study is to explore theoretically the process of knowledge construction within society, including business. The fundamental question is as follows: How is the relevant knowledge generated by innovators built up in society? In order to answer this question, we carried out in-depth theoretical research based on a structured and sequenced literature review on the dynamics of knowledge production. A meticulous analysis of the information and theoretical models led us, on the one hand, to observe that knowledge occupies a very important place in the structuring of projects according to innovators, and, on the other hand, to reveal that the construction or production of dynamic knowledge is achieved through three stages: (1) knowledge economy, (2) company economy and (3) socio-ecological transition.